Zakat is the component of the Islamic distribution of wealth system that is most familiar to the general public. It is certain that zakat has helped to narrow the income gap, but other features of this system also need investigation. The concept of sadaqah is central to the Islamic monetary system. Giving of this kind is done only to earn the favor of Allah SWT. This is just a superficial explanation; the different types of sadaqah need a more thorough analysis. One kind of sadaqah, sadaqah wajibah, will be discussed here.
Table of contents
What is Sadaqah Wajibah?
Sadaqah wajibah meaning is that it’s a compulsory act of charity that has been paid at a certain time period. Some of you may be unaware that you have already paid the obligatory charity known as fitrana.
There are many more obligatory forms of charity in Islam besides sadaqah-e-fitr. The subsequent sections of this discussion will focus on these issues. Some of the inquiring minds may have wondered whether sadaqah wajibah is the same as Zakat.
While there are some parallels in the criteria for both forms of Islamic charity, there is a considerable difference between them. While zakat is restricted to Muslims exclusively, sadaqah wajibah may be donated to anybody.
Sadaqah Wajibah in Different Varieties
Now that we have a firm grasp of the basics of sadaqah wajibah, we can dive into the different types of sadaqah wajibah that exist. We will quickly go through the different types of sadaqah wajibah that exist in the following sections.
1- Sadaqah Wajibah is Qurbani
As a Wajib, all adult Muslims who have nisab on the day of Eid al-Adha must do Qurbani. After Eid al Adha prayers, a religious sacrifice known as qurbani—a sacrifice of sheep, cattle, or goats—is performed between the 10th and 12th days of Dhul Hijah.
Ideally, the Qurbani meat should be divided into three equal portions:
● one for the home
● one for family and friends
● one for the less fortunate
Because of the relative lack of poverty in Western nations, many Muslims choose to have their Qurbani performed in impoverished countries.
Furthermore, if parents have the financial means, it is recommended that they give money on behalf of their young children.
2- Sadaqah Wajibah is Eid-ul-Fitr Donation
The purpose of sadaqah fitr is to make sure that people from all walks of life may participate in the festivities of Eid-ul-Fitr by providing them with the means to do so.
This act of kindness should ideally be made a few days before to the Eid prayer so that everyone has enough time to prepare for and participate in the holiday.
It’s crucial to keep in mind that the head of the household is not obligated to make the sadaqah fitr payment on behalf of the whole family. When calculating the Nisab for sadaqah fitr, the entire amount should be calculated on a per-person basis.
A minimum of 1.6 KG of wheat or 3.2 KG of barley is intended here. One may give extra if they feel it is necessary to meet the needs of the receiver or the recipient’s family.
3- Sadaqah Wajibah is Kaffarah
A Muslim must make this sort of donation in order to get started on the road to redemption. There are several scenarios in which you might need to pay Kaffarah. Anyone who breaks a fast on purpose must pay Kaffarah as a penalty.
Anybody who murders someone or breaks an oath will face the same penalties. Kaffarah, on the other hand, is divided in half so that everyone may rest comfortably and understand what’s going on. Here you may find both the large and the mini Kaffarah.
The first relates to those who intentionally disobey Islamic law by breaking their fast, causing the death of another, or disobeying zihar. The second category, on the other hand, includes offenses like lying under oath.
Greater Kaffarah would be to free a slave, whereas lesser Kaffarah would be to feed the needy. The details of such sadaqah wajibah donations change from one set of circumstances to the next.
4- Sadaqah Wajibah is Fidyah
Suppose you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes or any other disease that prevents you from fasting and praying. Or maybe you attempted the hajj but made a basic mistake.
When you look back, you may wonder what you can do to make up for missed opportunities.
By doing Fidyah, a kind of obligatory charity known as sadaqah wajibah, one might make up for past transgressions and squandered opportunities.
The prescribed Fidyah for the aforementioned infractions and mistakes is 1.6 KG of wheat.
5- Sadaqah Wajibah is Nadhr
If you are considering taking an oath to make a significant charitable contribution, you may want to do it before starting new employment.
What Nadhr is, therefore, is a kind of conditional generosity that one imposes upon oneself.
Do not forget that once the oath has been taken, it must be kept.
To make amends for the sin of breaching one’s commitments, one must make a different form of sadaqah.
In a minute or two, we’ll talk about it, too. Muslims from all over the world make a sizable monetary or food gift in the name of Nadhr to implore Allah SWT for compassion and set their worldly affairs in right.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Q1: Is Qurbani a sadaqah wajibah?
Answer: Yes. Qurbani at the time of Eid-ul-Azha is a sadaqah wajibah.
Q2: Does sadaqah redeem your sins?
Answer: Different types of sadaqah redeem different types of sins.
Q3: Does a specific amount is required for sadaqah?
Answer: Only zakat has a specific limit otherwise you can give as much as possible.
We have reached the conclusion of the article, but we hope that you have gained new insights about sadaqah wajibah. More discussions along these lines are needed.
Despite its potential to alleviate the plight of the majority, the practice of zakat has become exclusively associated with the holy month of Ramadan even though it may be paid at any time throughout the Islamic year!
After the pandemic, the world needs all the help it can get, making sadaqah more crucial than ever. Keep in mind that quality, not the number, is what really matters.