The Islamic belief is clear on this point that swearing breaks wudu or not. But, Muslims must avoid swearing and cursing. It is also prohibited to curse even an unbeliever. The same is true when someone curses an oppressor. This type of curse will stay with the oppressor and become his creditor on the Day of Judgment.
As for ablution, it requires washing your face, arms, and hands. In addition to washing your body, you should wipe your head with the water from your left hand. After ablution, you must recite the shahadah. You must refrain from engaging in worldly talk during ablution.
In addition, Muslims are required to be morally correct. This means that swearing is not acceptable, but it is acceptable in certain cases. This is because cursing is a form of defiance against Allah. During a fast, we should be as exemplary as possible.
Swearing in Islam
Before explaining “does swearing break wudu?” Here, it is important to explain swearing in Islam.
We are all aware that when one takes an oath, one is making a formal declaration while attesting to God or some sacred thing just to increase the credibility and sincerity of the declaration. A large number of people, including Muslims, have made that commitment.
In Islam, taking an oath might have a number of different explanations. I will explain it using the same language that is used in the Quran and the hadith.
To put it another way, in the following, I will talk about a few hadiths and passages from the Quran that relate to swearing.
Quranic Verses about Swearing
The act of swearing is addressed in a number of different verses in the book, the Holy Quran.
In this particular article, we are just going to analyse and talk about a few different verses from the Quran.
“As for the Quranic verse regarding the swearing I mean as follows:
فَكَيْفَ اِذَآ اَصَابَتْهُمْ مُّصِيْبَةٌ ۢبِمَا قَدَّمَتْ اَيْدِيْهِمْ ثُمَّ جَاۤءُوْكَ يَحْلِفُوْنَ بِاللّٰهِ ۖاِنْ اَرَدْنَآ اِلَّآ اِحْسَانًا وَّتَوْفِيْقًا
So how [will it be] when disaster strikes them because of what their hands have put forth and then they come to you swearing by Allah, “We intended nothing but good conduct and accommodation.” (An-Nisa’ : 62).
لَا يُؤَاخِذُكُمُ اللّٰهُ بِاللَّغْوِ فِيْٓ اَيْمَانِكُمْ وَلٰكِنْ يُّؤَاخِذُكُمْ بِمَا عَقَّدْتُّمُ الْاَيْمَانَۚ فَكَفَّارَتُهٗٓ اِطْعَامُ عَشَرَةِ مَسٰكِيْنَ مِنْ اَوْسَطِ مَا تُطْعِمُوْنَ اَهْلِيْكُمْ اَوْ كِسْوَتُهُمْ اَوْ تَحْرِيْرُ رَقَبَةٍ ۗفَمَنْ لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلٰثَةِ اَيَّامٍ ۗذٰلِكَ كَفَّارَةُ اَيْمَانِكُمْ اِذَا حَلَفْتُمْ ۗوَاحْفَظُوْٓا اَيْمَانَكُمْ ۗ كَذٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللّٰهُ لَكُمْ اٰيٰتِهٖ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُوْنَ
Allah will not impose blame upon you for what is meaningless in your oaths. Still, He will impose blame upon you for [breaking] what you intended of oaths. So, its expiation is the feeding of ten needy people from the average of that which you feed your [own] families or clothing them or the freeing of a slave. But whoever cannot find [or afford it] – then a fast of three days [is required]. That is the expiation for oaths when you have sworn. But guard your oaths. Thus, does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful. (Al-Maidah : 89).
لَوْ كَانَ عَرَضًا قَرِيْبًا وَّسَفَرًا قَاصِدًا لَّاتَّبَعُوْكَ وَلٰكِنْۢ بَعُدَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الشُّقَّةُۗ وَسَيَحْلِفُوْنَ بِاللّٰهِ لَوِ اسْتَطَعْنَا لَخَرَجْنَا مَعَكُمْۚ يُهْلِكُوْنَ اَنْفُسَهُمْۚ وَاللّٰهُ يَعْلَمُ اِنَّهُمْ لَكٰذِبُوْنَ ࣖ
Had it been an easy gain and a moderate trip, the hypocrites would have followed you, but distant to them was the journey. And they will swear by Allah, “If we were able, we would have gone forth with you,” destroying themselves [through false oaths], and Allah knows that they are liars. (At-Taubah : 42).”
Few Hadith Regarding Swearing
Swearing is mentioned in many hadiths. We cannot discuss it here all. Few hadith about swearing are going to mention below:
“The three hadiths about swearing that I mean are as follows:
عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : لَا تَحْلِفُوْا بِآبَائِكُمْ وَلَا بِأُمَّهَاتِكُمْ وَلَا بِالْأَنْدَادِ ، وَلَا تَحْلِفُوْا بِاللهِ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ صَادِقُوْنَ
From Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu anhu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Do not swear by the name of your father, by the name of your mother, and by the name of your allies, and do not swear by the name of Allah unless you’re right.”
عَنْ اِبْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : مَنْ كَانَ حَالِفاً فَلَا يَحْلِفْ إِلَّا بِاللهِ
From Ibn Umar radhiyallahu anhuma, he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever swears, let him not swear except in the name of Allah.”
عَنْ بُرَيْدَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : لَيْسَ مِنَّا مَنْ حَلَفَ بِالْأَمَانَةِ
From Abu Buraidah radhiyallahu ahnu, he said, “The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, “We are not among those who swear by worship.”
That’s a brief explanation of swearing in Islam: Quran about swearing and hadith about swearing. As Muslims, we must understand that.”
Fatwa about Does Swearing Break Wudu?
“Praise be to Allah.
Swearing is not one of the things that invalidate wudoo’. The things that invalidate wudoo’ are clearly defined and we have listed them in the answer to question no. 14321.
But it is mustahabb for the one who commits a sin to do wudoo’, because wudoo’ expiates for sins, as is proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
It was mentioned by al-Shiraazi in al-Muhadhdhab (2/73) and Ibn Hazm said in al-Muhalla (1/241), narrating from ‘Aa’ishah, Ibn Mas’ood and others among the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them), that it is enjoined to do wudoo’ after speaking bad words.
Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (2/72):
The correct view is that it is mustahabb to do wudoo’ after saying bad words, such as backbiting, malicious gossip, lying, slander, false speech, immoral speech and the like. The purpose of that is expiation for sins, as is proven in the ahaadeeth, but that is not obligatory.
Ibn al-Mundhir said in his books al-Ishraaf and al-Ijmaa’: The scholars are unanimously agreed that it is not obligatory to do wudoo’ after saying bad words such as backbiting, slander, false speech and the like… al-Shafaa’i, Ibn al-Mundhir, al-Bayhaqi and our companions quoted as evidence the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever says in his oath ‘By al-Laat and al-‘Uzza,’ let him say ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah,’ and whoever says to another, ‘Come and gamble with me,’ let him give charity.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim. End quote. i.e., he did not tell him to do wudoo’.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in al-Ikhtiyaaraat (p. 15):
It is mustahabb to do wudoo’ immediately after committing the sin.”
There is no evidence to claim that one’s ablution is broken if one curses or swears. As a result, a Muslim ought to avoid using profanity if he is serious about protecting his religion and developing his capacity for self-control.
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